Şablon:Convert

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Usage[çımeyi bıvurne]

This template shows measurement quantities as primary and converted secondary units (or ranges), with optional rounding, wikilinks, abbreviation, or US spellings, and various separators including:  parentheses "( )", "or", hyphens, comma, "to" or dashes. Styles include: distance "32 metres (105 ft)" and "32 metres or 105 feet"; temperature "18 °C (64 °F)"; mass "55.0 kg (121.3 lb)" or "65 to 80 kg (143 to 176 lb)"; etc. For units see: Convert/list of units.

Options include:  lk=in, abbr=on, abbr=off, sp=us, adj=on, adj=mid, disp=x, disp=table and sortable=on (explained below). By default, output is rounded to match the precision of input; alternatives include: sigfig=3 or using the end parameter, such as "|1" to show tenths or "|-2" to show full 100's, etc.

Single value:

{{convert|value|in_unit|out_unit|round_to|...}}

Range of 2 values, or set of 3 or 4 (see below for list of range options):

{{convert|val1|range|val2 |in_unit|out_unit|round_to|...}}
{{convert/3 |val1|range|val2|words|val3|in_unit|out_unit|round_to|...}}
{{convert/4 |val1|words|val2|words|val3|words|val4|in_unit|out_unit|...}}
  • Numbers must be entered in unformatted form (without commas). Values output by the template will be displayed formatted and with a true minus sign where appropriate. To specify with commas, re-code a number as {{formatnum:9,000,500|R}} (becomes 9000500).
  • Optional parameters, in examples below, allow abbreviated units (abbr=on), or U.S. spellings (sp=us for meter), or hyphenation (adj=on), etc.
  • For this template many levels of substitution are possible, hence doing this fully, step by step, is cumbersome. Use Special:ExpandTemplates instead.
  • The template has very limited in-built capacity for dimensional analysis. It is therefore up to the user to ensure that most input and output units are compatible. Do not, for example, attempt to convert barrels to tonnes (but see {{Bbl to t}}). Also beware of units with similar names; the code oz, for example, is for the avoirdupois ounce (a unit of mass), do not use this if you want fluid ounces. Note also that the code lb gives pounds mass, for pounds force use lbf.
  • An attempt to convert a unit to itself, e.g., km to km, will result in a template loop.
  • The range functionality is not fully implemented for all units, so experimentation may be required.
  • This documentation page tends to lag behind in terms of what the template can do. For details see the talk page and its archives.

Examples[çımeyi bıvurne]

Single value[çımeyi bıvurne]

Input Displays as
{{convert|3.21|kg|lb}} 3.21 kilograms (7.1 lb)
{{convert|3.21|kg|lb|0}} 3.21 kilograms (7 lb)
{{convert|10|kg |lb |disp=or}} 10 kilograms or 22 pounds
{{convert|6|ft|5|in|m}} 6 feet 5 inches (1.96 m)
{{convert|10|mi}} 10 miles (16 km)
{{convert|100|mpgus}} 100 miles per US gallon (2.4 L/100 km; 120 mpg‑imp)
{{convert|120|km/h}} 120 kilometres per hour (75 mph)
{{convert|18|°C|°F}} 18 °C (64 °F)
{{convert|1250|sqft|m2|lk=in|sigfig=2}} 1,250 square feet (120 m2)
Note 'lk=in' links only the input unit. This example is for illustration only, common units of measurement should not be linked. See: wp:overlink.
{{convert|20.5|m3|cuyd|lk=out|abbr=on}} 20.5 m3 (26.8 cu yd)
Note 'lk=out' links only the output unit, cu yd.
{{convert|641|acre|km2 sqmi|lk=on}} 641 acres (2.59 km2; 1.002 sq mi)
Note 'lk=on' links all units. Per guidelines, common units should not be linked. See: wp:overlink.
{{convert|641|acre|km2 sqmi|2|lk=on}} 641 acres (2.59 km2; 1.00 sq mi)
Although 640 acres equals 1 square mile; 641 acres rounded to two decimal places equals 1.00 sq mi.

Range of 2 values[çımeyi bıvurne]

Note: not yet operational for all units
Input Displays as
{{convert|60|and|170|kg|lb}} 60 and 170 kilograms (130 and 370 lb)
{{convert|60|to|170|kg|lb}} 60 to 170 kilograms (130 to 370 lb)
{{convert|60|to(-)|170|kg|lb}} 60 to 170 kilograms (130–370 lb)
{{convert|60|-|170|kg|lb}} 60–170 kilograms (130–370 lb)
{{convert|41|to|50|F|C}} 41 to 50 °F (5 to 10 °C)
{{convert|41|-|50 |F|K}} 41–50 °F (278–283 K)
{{convert|60|x|120|m|ft}} 60 by 120 metres (200 ft × 390 ft)
{{convert|60|+/-|10|m|ft}} 60 ± 10 metres (197 ± 33 ft)
{{convert|19|to|27|L|USgal}} 19 to 27 litres (5.0 to 7.1 US gal)
{{convert|5|to|7|L|USgal|abbr=mos}} 5 litres to 7 litres (1.3 to 1.8 US gal)
{{convert|4|-|9|L|USgal|abbr=off}} 4–9 litres (1.1–2.4 US gallons)

The following conversions are currently not available as a range of values:

  • Some imperial and US gallon-based units
  • Other fuel-consumption units, except "mpg" or "L100km" shown above.
  • Large scale units (e3, e6, e9)
  • Combination-based units (ft&in, st&lb, lb&oz) due to complexity of the conversion.

Range/set of 3 or 4 values[çımeyi bıvurne]

Note: not yet operational for all units
Input Displays as
{{convert/3 |2|x|4|x|6|m|ft}} 2×4×6 metres (6.6×13×20 ft)
{{convert/3 |60|-|70|-|80|kg|lb}} 60–70–80 kilograms (130–150–180 lb)
{{convert/4 |60|-|70|-|80|-|90|kg|lb}} 60–70–80–90 kilograms (130–150–180–200 lb)
{{convert/3 |60|to|80|or|85|m|ft}} 60 to 80 or 85 metres (200 to 260 or 279 ft)
{{convert/3 |11|by|15|rarely|16|ft|m}} 11 by 15 rarely 16 feet (3.4 by 4.6 rarely 4.9 m)
{{convert/3 |41|to|50|to|60|F|C}} 41 to 50 to 60 °F (5 to 10 to 16 °C)
{{convert/4 |2|to|12|, in summer|25|to|36|C|F}} 2 to 12, in summer 25 to 36 °C (36 to 54, in summer 77 to 97 °F)
{{convert/3 |41|-|50|almost|51|F|K}} 41–50 almost 51 °F (278–283 almost 284 K)

For {{convert/3}} or {{convert/4}}, the separator words can be any text.

Parameters[çımeyi bıvurne]

Parameters
Use US spelling attach |sp=us
Make units linked attach |lk=on   to link all units (default: lk=off)
attach |lk=in   to link only the input units
attach |lk=out  to link only the output units
(The manual of style suggests that you should not link common units of measurement).
Use the adjective form, or insert mid-text words attach |adj=on (e.g. "The 190-foot (58 m) bridge" as opposed to "The 190 feet..."). This produces the adjective form—the unit name in the singular with a hyphen (according to the Manual of Style).
attach |adj=mid (e.g. "The 190-foot bridge (58 m)" as: |adj=mid|bridge, or "The 190-foot-long bridge (58 m)" as: |adj=mid|-long bridge)
Any rounding-parameter should follow the mid-text: "text|0".
Abbreviate units, or not attach |abbr=on to show unit symbols
attach |abbr=off   to show all unit names in full words
attach |abbr=in to abbreviate input units
attach |abbr=out to abbreviate output units
attach |abbr=values to suppress unit names & show only values. So, {{convert|6|mi|abbr=values}} gives: 6 (9.7).
Change "( )" to display other separators attach |disp=comma to put comma, not brackets/parentheses
attach |disp=or to put "or" between units.
The default value is:  disp=b for brackets/parentheses.
Change "( )" to customized separators attach |disp=x| (begin | end) to show "xx (begin yy end)" See example 1
attach |disp=x|; to show "xx; yy" See example 2
attach |disp=x| (same as |) to show "xx (same as yy)". See example 3
Example 1: {{convert|9|km|mi|disp=x| [|]}}9 kilometres [5.6 mi] (note space before [|)
Example 2: {{convert|9|km|mi|disp=x|;}}9 kilometres;5.6 mi
Example 3: {{convert|10|km|mi|disp=x| (about |)}}10 kilometres (about 6.2 mi) (note spaces used within the code).
Display output only attach |disp=output only to show result number & unit
attach |disp=output number only to show just number
Note when using "disp=output only" then the unit name can still be shown as full words by abbr=off or linked by lk=on.
Display units inverted as reverse order attach |disp=flip  to reverse the order & show output unit first.
So, {{convert|6|km|disp=flip}} shows "3.7 miles (6 km)".
To get symbol "mi" use abbr=in, to abbreviate the input unit (left-side unit).
Display unit name (only) attach |disp=unit to show the unit name for a symbol
The unit name will be plural when the amount is not 1, or hyphenated when adj=on. So, {{convert|2|cuyd|disp=unit}} shows "cubic yards" plural.
Display amounts as table cells attach |disp=table (or |disp=tablecen) Note: For use in tables, the template must start on a new line after a pipe. Only the number will be displayed unless you set |abbr=on, |lk=on, |lk=in or |lk=out. Example: here
Round to a specified number of significant figures attach |sigfig={some integer greater than zero}. In the case of temperatures Celsius or Fahrenheit this refers to the difference with the absolute-zero temperature. For example, at room temperature two significant digits means rounded to tens of degrees.
Round by 5 attach |disp=5  to round the output amount to the nearest 5 units. Not supported for all options.
Let Convert decide the unit to convert to skip the precision parameter (the 3rd or 4th unnamed parameter) e.g. {{convert|100|km|kn}} gives 100 kilometres ([convert: unit mismatch]) and {{convert|100|km}} gives 100 kilometres (62 mi).
Display input value with a fraction {{convert|3/8|in|mm|3|abbr=on}} → 38 in (9.525 mm) or {{convert|11+1/4|in|cm|2|abbr=on}} → 11 14 in (28.58 cm)

For negative amounts, use two minus signs (hyphens): -11-1/4.

Generate a hidden sort key for use with a sortable table attach |sortable=on to generate a hidden sort key so that sortable tables will sort correctly. This uses {{ntsh}} to generate a sort key from the first numeric value. It ignores any additional values, ie, if you use 6|ft|2|in as the value, it will only use the 6 for the sort key. This will cause numeric values to sort in numeric order, ie: 5, 10, 15 instead of 10, 15, 5.

Parameters still under construction[çımeyi bıvurne]

Parameters still under construction. May not work in all situations
disp=5[note 1] The output will be rounded to the nearest 5 units. Might not work when linking unit names.
disp=tablecen[note 1] Similar to disp=table except that the values with be centered within the column. See the tables at La Nouvelle branch, BM-21 Grad for in use examples.
disp=comma[note 1] The two values will be separated by a comma, for situations where the first value is already within parentheses. See the Geography tables on Labrador for an example.
abbr=in Abbreviates only the input unit.
abbr=out Abbreviates only the output unit.
abbr=comma[note 1] "Abbreviates" (removes) commas. For ranges, using abbr=comma conflicts with internal options, so instead, append "nocomma" to a range-word: tonocomma, bynocomma, andnocomma, -nocomma & xnocomma.
abbr=mos For ranges, abbreviates with the input unit repeated, twice. Not to be confused with the specifications at MOS:NUM#Conventions.
disp=br This separates input and output units with a forced line break. This can be useful in tables with limited horizontal space.
disp=sqbr Shows square brackets "[ ]" instead of parentheses "( )" in output. Example: 55 miles [89 km]. This option can be used in direct quotes, to show conversions in editorial brackets. See: attach |disp=x|[|], above, as another way of showing brackets "[ ]".
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 This is a limited, temporary option, until an alternative can be implemented.

Rounding[çımeyi bıvurne]

Convert supports four types of rounding:

Rounding to a given precision
Specify the desired precision with the fourth unnamed parameter (or third unnamed parameter if the "convert to" parameter is omitted; or fifth unnamed parameter if a range is specified; or fourth unnamed parameter again if a range is specified and the "convert to" parameter is omitted; needs to be replaced with a "precision" named parameter). The conversion is rounded off to the nearest power of 110 this number. For instance, if the result is 8621 and the round number is '-2', the result will be 8600. If the result is '234.0283043' and the round number is '0', the result will be 234.
Rounding to a given number of significant figures
Specify the desired number of significant figures using |sigfig={some integer greater than zero} as noted above.
Default rounding
If neither the desired precision nor the desired number of significant figures are specified, the conversion will be rounded either to a comparable precision as the input value (the number of digits after the decimal point—or the negative of the number of non-significant zeroes before the point—is increased by one if the conversion is a multiplication by a number between 0.02 and 0.2, remains the same if the factor is between 0.2 and 2, is decreased by 1 if it is between 2 and 20, and so on) or to two significant figures, whichever is the most precise. An exception to this is temperature wherein the conversion will be rounded either to precision comparable to that of the input value or to that which would give three significant figures when expressed in kelvins, whichever is the most precise.
Examples of default rounding
Input Displays as Note
{{convert|550|ft|m|0}} 550 feet (168 m) Approximate value is 167.64 m
{{convert|550|ft|m}} 550 feet (170 m) Rounds to 170, when approximate value is 167.64 m
{{convert|500|ft|m|0}} 500 feet (152 m) Approximate value is 152.4 m
{{convert|500|ft|m}} 500 feet (150 m) Rounds to 150, when approximate value is 152.4 m

Units supported[çımeyi bıvurne]

The table below lists units supported by this template. It is divided up according to the quantity being measured. Not all supported units are listed here; there are links to more complete lists for each quantity.

The codes listed in the code column (column 3) are accepted as input by the template. These can be used as the second or third unnamed parameter. For some units there exist alternative codes. These are listed in brackets and have been incorporated to make the code more flexible for editors, e.g. °F or F may be entered.

The codes listed in the combinations column (column 7) can be used to produce multiple conversions. They can only be used as the third unnamed parameter, e.g. {{convert|55|nmi|km mi}} produces "55 nautical miles (102 km; 63 mi)".

Şablon:Convert/tsuboŞablon:Convert/list of units/volume/short listŞablon:Convert/list of units/speed/short listŞablon:Convert/list of units/force/short listŞablon:Convert/list of units/energy/short listŞablon:Convert/list of units/temperature/short listŞablon:Convert/list of units/mass/short listŞablon:Convert/list of units/torque/short listŞablon:Convert/list of units/extra
Abridged list of units supported by {{Convert}}
Explanation
system unit unit-
code
symbol or
abbrev.
notes conversion factor combination output units
the system(s) to which the unit belongs units listed by name unit-code to use in template symbols shown in output other notes about the units conversion factors used to convert to and from the SI base unit output codes for multiple conversions


LENGTH
(Full list)
system unit unit-
code
abbrev-
iation
notes conversion
factor/m
combination output units
SI

Şablon:Convert/Mm Şablon:Convert/list of units/row

  • km mi

Şablon:Convert/list of units/row

  • m ft
  • m ftin

Şablon:Convert/list of units/row

  • cm in

Şablon:Convert/mm

  • mm in

Şablon:Convert/μm Şablon:Convert/nm

non-SI metric

Şablon:Convert/list of units/rowbrtop

Imperial
&
US customary

Şablon:Convert/list of units/rowtop

  • mi km

Şablon:Convert/furlong Şablon:Convert/chain Şablon:Convert/rd Şablon:Convert/fathom Şablon:Convert/yd Şablon:Convert/list of units/row

  • ftin (feet and inches)
  • ft m (foot m)

Şablon:Convert/list of units/row

  • in cm
  • in mm
Other

Şablon:Convert/list of units/rowtop Şablon:Convert/pc Şablon:Convert/ly Şablon:Convert/AU


AREA
(Full list)
system unit unit-
code
abbrev-
iation
notes conversion factor/m2 combinations
SI

Şablon:Convert/list of units/rowtop

  • km2 sqmi

Şablon:Convert/m2

  • m2 sqft

Şablon:Convert/cm2

  • cm2 sqin

Şablon:Convert/mm2

  • mm2 sqin
non-SI metric

Şablon:Convert/ha

Imperial
&
US customary

Şablon:Convert/sqmi

  • sqmi km2

Şablon:Convert/list of units/rowNa Şablon:Convert/sqyd Şablon:Convert/list of units/rowbr

  • sqft m2 (sqfoot m2)

Şablon:Convert/sqin

  • sqin cm2
Other

Şablon:Convert/sqnmi Şablon:Convert/dunam

Examples[çımeyi bıvurne]

See also[çımeyi bıvurne]

  • {{Convinfobox}} for use in infoboxes
  • {{Bbl to t}} for converting barrel of oil to tonnes
  • {{CwtQtrLb to kg}} for converting long hundred weights, quarters and pounds into kilograms
  • {{Decdeg}} for converting degrees, minutes and seconds to decimal degrees
  • {{HMS2Deg}} for converting hour angles, given in hours, minutes and seconds, to decimal degrees
  • {{Miles-chains}} for converting miles and chains to kilometres linking "chains"
  • {{Pop density}} for converting a population and area to a density
  • {{Inflation}} for calculating inflation of Consumer Price Index related prices
  • {{Metricate}}
  • {{RailGauge}} for converting rail (track) gauges
  • {{Convert/scale}} with custom formula for converting any linearly related units
  • Bug 235: Auto unit conversion