Babekê Xuremi

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Babekê Xuremi
Papak Xorramdin.jpg
Karê cı Liderê hereketê huremiye
Biyayış 795 ya zi 798, Erdebil
Merdış 1 Çele 838, Samarra
Ca Samarra

Babekê Xuremi (Farski de: بابک خرمدین) liderê hereketê huremiyano u komutano Farso.[1][2][3][4][5][6] Serra 795 (ya ki 798) de suka Erdebili de marda cı ra biyo. O Ebasiyan dayo pero u inan meğlub kerdo. Hoverdayışê Babekan de xaptiyo u serê eno hoverdayış de mendo u eno hareket koordine kerdo. İran de kahramano mılliyo. Babek Huremi Ordiyê xalifey 6 (şeş) kezi meğlub kerdo. Babek Huremi 4 Çele 838 de terefê xalife ra tepşiyao. Xalife Ebas el-Mutasım Billah vato ki dest u payê Babek Hurremi cıra bıkero u bıkışiyao. Vera çımanê xalife Ebas el Mutasım Billahi de, dest u payê Babek Huremi bırniyao u ebe eziyet kışiyao.[7] Babek heyatê cıyê veri de jew dewıc biyo. Riyê eziyetê Ereban ra, jew hareketo ke terefê Cawidan ra koordine beno ra kewto. Mergê Cawidan ra peyni, serê eno hareket rê verayo.

Referansi[bıvurne | Çımey bıvırnê]

  1. Arthur Goldschmidt, Lawrence Davidson, “A concise history of the Middle East”, Westview Press; Eighth Edition edition (July 21, 2005). Pg 81: “..a Persian named Babak whose rebellion lasted twenty years. These uprisings were inspired by Persia’s pre-Islamic religions, such as Zoroastrianism (the faith of Sassanid ruler) and a peasant movement called Mazdakism”
  2. Bernard Lewis (1991), “The Political Language of Islam”, University of Chicago Press, pp 482):"“Babak’s Iranianizing rebellion in Azerbaijan gave occasion for sentiments at the capital to harden against men who were sympathetic to the more explicitly Iranian tradition"
  3. Bernard Lewis, "The Arabs in History", Oxford University Press, 2002. pp 109-110: "The resentment of the subject population found expression in a series of religious movements in different parts of Iran, with its predominantely peasent supports... The memory of Abu Muslim himself was also frequently invoked by Iranian rebels who claimed to be his heirs and avengers against the Caliph who betrayed him. At first these movements were Iranian in their beliefs; later they became syncretist, preaching a mingling of Mazdakite and extremist Shi'i ideas. ... By far the most serious of these movements was that of Babak (816-37)"
  4. Mark Whittow, The Making of Orthodox Byzantium, 600-1025. New studies in medieval history, Macmillan, London, 1996, s. 195, 203 & 215. Azerbaijan was the scene of frequent anti-caliphal and anti-Arab revolts during the eighth and ninth centuries, and Byzantine sources talk of Persian warriors seeking refuge in the 830s from the caliph's armies by taking service under the Byzantine emperor Theophilos. [...] Azerbaijan had a Persian population and was a traditional centre of the Zoroastrian religion. [...] The Khurramites were a [...] Persian sect, influenced by Shiite doctrines, but with their roots in a pre-Islamic Persian religious movement.
  5. Ermeni tarihçi Vardan Areweltsʻi, 1198-1271 yıllarında yazdığı nottan aktarılmış: La domination arabe en Armènie, extrait de l’ histoire universelle de Vardan, traduit de l’armènian et annotè , J. Muyldermans, Louvain et Paris, 1927, pg 119. En ces jours-lá, un homme de la race PERSE, nomm é Bab, sortant de Baltat, faiser passer par le fil de l’épée beaucoup de la race d’Ismayēl tandis qu’il.. Original Grabar: Havoursn haynosig ayr mi hazkes Barsitz Pap anoun yelyal i Baghdada, arganer zpazoums i sour suseri hazken Ismayeli, zpazoums kerelov. yev anser zinkn anmah. yev i mium nvaki sadager yeresoun hazar i baderazmeln youroum ent Ismayeli
  6. Arap tarihçi ʻAlī ibn Aḥmad ibn Ḥazm (994-1064) Al-Faṣl fi l-Milal & l-Ahwāʾ & n-Niḥal eserinde İran'daki Hilafete karşı farklı ayaklanmalardan bahsetmiştir. «أن الفرس كانوا من سعة الملك وعلو اليد على جميع الأمم وجلالة الخطير في أنفسهم حتى أنهم كانوا يسمون أنفسهم الأحرار والأبناء وكانوا يعدون سائر الناس عبيداً لهم فلما امتحنوا بزوال الدولة عنهم على أيدي العرب وكانت العرب أقل الأمم عند الفرس خطراً تعاظمهم الأمر وتضاعفت لديهم المصيبة وراموا كيد الإسلام بالمحاربة في أوقات شتى ففي كل ذلك يظهر الله سبحانه وتعالى الحق وكان من قائمتهم سنبادة واستاسيس والمقنع وبابك وغيرهم » (Alī ibn Aḥmad Ibn Ḥazm, Al-Faṣl Fī Al-Milal Wa-Al-Ahwāʾ Wa-Al-Niḥal, Dār al-Jīl, Bayrūt, Lubnān, 1995.
  7. http://www.iranicaonline.org/newsite/index.isc?Article=http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/v3f3/v3f3a052.html