Cemat

Wikipediya ra ensiklopediya xosere
Xıl de pusula Xıl de cıgeyrayışi
Yew cematê merdıman

Cemat gruba merdımana ke şena hetê amari ra gırd ya zi qıtek bo. Cematê merdıman hetê norm, itıqad u kamiya xo ra yewbini ra bestiya. Vênayışo biyolocik ra cemat ganiyê ke yew ca de weşiya xo ramenê, gruba inana. Cemat tek teyna biyayış ra abırriyeno ke coka maney xoyo cıya esto, gani yew ra vêşêr merdımi yenê pêra. Merdım pê cemati sosyalizasyonê xo keno temam. Coka hetê sosyalizasyoni ra ehemiyetê cı esto.

McMillan u Chavis (1986) çehar paê yew cemati kenê a:

  • Eza: key merdım xo bestneno gruba xo, xo ezay a grube vêneno,
  • Tesir: ehemiyetê xo vênayış, key cemat ehemiyet dano ezanê xo,
  • Yewbiyayış: key ezay benê yew u çı gani bêro kerdış, yeno kerdış,
  • Hetê hissi ra yewbiyayış.

Cemat hetê rıçıkê xo ra zıwanê Erebki jāmaā (جماعة) ra kewto Zazaki u zıwananê binan de varyantê bini ê cı estê. Be xo komi areze keno.

Referansi[bıvurne | çımeyi bıvurne]

  • Barzilai, Gad. 2003. Communities and Law: Politics and Cultures of Legal Identities. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
  • Beck, U. 1992. Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. London: Sage: 2000. What is globalization? Cambridge: Polity Press.
  • Chavis, D.M., Hogge, J.H., McMillan, D.W., & Wandersman, A. 1986. "Sense of community through Brunswick's lens: A first look." Journal of Community Psychology, 14(1), 24–40.
  • Chipuer, H.M., & Pretty, G.M.H. (1999). A review of the Sense of Community Index: Current uses, factor structure, reliability, and further development. Journal of Community Psychology, 27(6), 643–58.
  • Christensen, K., et al. (2003). Encyclopedia of Community. 4 volumes. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Cohen, A. P. 1985. The Symbolic Construction of Community. Routledge: New York.
  • Durkheim, Émile. 1950 [1895] The Rules of Sociological Method. Translated by S.A. Solovay and J.H. Mueller. New York: The Free Press.
  • Cox, F., J. Erlich, J. Rothman, and J. Tropman. 1970. Strategies of Community Organization: A Book of Readings. Itasca, IL: F.E. Peacock Publishers.
  • Effland, R. 1998. The Cultural Evolution of Civilizations Mesa Community College.
  • Giddens, A. 1999. "Risk and Responsibility" Modern Law Review 62(1): 1–10.
  • James, Paul (1996). Nation Formation: Towards a Theory of Abstract Community. London: Sage Publications. 
  • Newman, D. 2005. Sociology: Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life, Chapter 5. "Building Identity: Socialization" Pine Forge Press. Retrieved: 2006-08-05.
  • Putnam, R.D. 2000. Bowling Alone: The collapse and revival of American community. New York: Simon & Schuster
  • Sarason, S.B. 1974. The psychological sense of community: Prospects for a community psychology. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. 1986. "Commentary: The emergence of a conceptual center." Journal of Community Psychology, 14, 405–07.
  • Smith, M.K. 2001. Community. Encyclopedia of informal education. Last updated: January 28, 2005. Retrieved: 2006-07-15.