Two-Spirit

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Two-Spirit oyo ke terimo ke zıwanê İngılızki ra yeno, İngılızki ra zi zıwanê şarê postesuran Ojibva niizh manidoowag ra ameo. Two-Spirit zıwanê ma de beno dı rohi yanê merdumo ke bawer beno ke dı rohê xo estê. Yew rohê cı mêrdek beno, rohê cıyê bini zi cêniye bena. Two-Spirit kulturê şarê Amerikayê postesuri de xeylê esto u miyanê inan de xeylê vêniyeno, qabul zi vêniyeno. Merdumo ke bawer beno ke dı rohê xo estê, bımbarek u firaz vêniyeno. Qalkerdışê xo goşdar beno, qıseyê xo keriyeno. Zımey (Şımal) Amerika de se u hirıs (130) ra zafêri qabile de kulturê Two Spiriti esto u vêniyao.[1]

Namenayış[bıvurne | çımeyi bıvurne]

Wezifa Two-Spiriti[bıvurne | çımeyi bıvurne]

Şarê postesuran de merdumê dı rohıni zaf wezifay keni, taê wezifeyanê inan: şıfa gırewtış, hewlnayış, tedawikerdış, kehanetvatış, tut u pıtan rê namedayış, cengan de doktoriyekerdış uêb.

Bibliyografiye[bıvurne | çımeyi bıvurne]

  • Cameron, Michelle. (2005). Two-spirited Aboriginal people: Continuing cultural appropriation by non-Aboriginal society. Canadian Women Studies, 24 (2/3), 123–127.
  • Conley, Craig. Oracle of the twofold deities.
  • Hawkins, Philip Colin. (2012). New World Sodom: Biblical Tales of Conquest and Acculturation. Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality, 15. http://ejhs.org/volume15/NewWorld.html
  • Hemmilä, Anita. (2005). Ancestors of two-spirits: Representations of Native American third-gender males in historical documentation, A Critical Discourse Analysis in Anthropology, A Pro Gradu Thesis in English
  • Jacobs, Sue-Ellen; Wesley Thomas, and Sabine Lang (Eds.). (1997). Two-spirit people: Native American gender identity, sexuality, and spirituality. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-02344-7, ISBN 0-252-06645-6.
  • Lang, Sabine. (1998). Men as women, women as men: Changing gender in Native American cultures. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-74700-4, ISBN 0-292-74701-2.
  • Medicine, Beatrice. (1997). Changing Native American roles in an urban context and changing Native American sex roles in an urban context. In S.-E. Jacobs, W. Thomas, & S. Lang (Eds.) (pp. 145–148).
  • Roscoe, Will. (1991). The Zuni man-woman. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. ISBN 0-8263-1253-5.
  • Roscoe, Will. (1998). Changing ones: Third and fourth genders in native North America. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-17539-6.
  • Roscoe, Will; & Gay American Indians. (1988). Living the spirit: A gay American Indian anthology. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-01899-1.
  • Schaeffer, Claude E. (1965). The Kutenai female berdache. Ethnohistory, 12 (3), 193–236.
  • Schultz, James W. (1916). Blackfeet tales of Glacier National Park. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.
  • Schultz, James W. (1919). Running Eagle, the warrior girl. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  • Spanbauer, Tom. (1991). The man who fell in love with the moon: A novel. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press. ISBN 0-87113-468-3.
  • Trexler, Richard C. (1995). Sex and conquest: Gendered violence, political order, and the European conquest of the Americas. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-3224-3.
  • Williams, Walter L. (1986). The spirit and the flesh: Sexual diversity in American Indian cultures. Boston: Beacon Press. ISBN 0-8070-4602-7.
  • Williams, Walter L. & Toby Johnson. (2006) Two Spirits: A Story of Life With the Navajo. Maple Shade, NJ: Lethe Press. ISBN 1-59021-060-3
  • Qwo-Li Driskill, Chris Finley, Brian Joseph Gilley, and Scott Lauria Morgensen, Eds. (2011) Queer Indigenous Studies: Critical Interventions in Theory, Politics, and Literature. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.
  • Wolf, Rope. Two-spirit: Belonging (Film)

Bıvênên[bıvurne | çımeyi bıvurne]

Çımey[bıvurne | çımeyi bıvurne]

  1. Roscoe, Will (1991). The Zuni Man-Woman, p.5. ISBN 0-8263-1253-5.
  2. Jocelyn Baird, Just Semantics? The Battle Between Two-spirit and Berdache
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Anita Hemmilä (2005), Ancestors of two-spirits: Representations of Native American third-gender males in historical documentation, A Critical Discourse Analysis in Anthropology, A Pro Gradu Thesis in English
  4. Burrus, Virginia & Keller, Catherine (2006). Toward a theology of eros: transfiguring passion at the limits of discipline Transdisciplinary theological colloquia. Fordham University Press. ISBN 0-8232-2636-0, ISBN 978-0-8232-2636-8. p. 73.
  5. Conner, Sparks, and Sparks, eds. (1997) Cassell's Encyclopedia of Queer Myth, Symbol, and Spirit: Covering Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Lore.
  6. Lang, S. (1997). Various kinds of Two-Spirit people: Gender variance and homosexuality in Native American communities. In Jacobs, S., Thomas, W., & Lang, S. (Eds.) Two-Spirit people: Native American gender identity, sexuality, and spirituality (pp.100-118). Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press.
  7. De Solis, Fray Gaspar José. Diary, 1767. (Op.cit. "Karankawa".)