Kerim Xan

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Karim Khan Zand
'Vakil e-Ra'aayaa وکیل الرّعایا
(Representative of the People)
Lion and Sun Emblem of Persia.svg
Karim Khan by Charles Heath.jpg
Vakil e-Ra'aayaa of Persia
Reign 1751 – 1 May/March 1779[1]
Predecessor Title Created
Successor Title Abolished[2]
Ruler of Persia
Reign 1765-1779 [3]
Predecessor Ismail III
Successor Mohammad Ali Khan
Issue Mohammad Ali Khan
Abol Fath Khan
Dynasty Zand dynasty
Father Inaq Khan
Mother Bay Agha
Born c. 1705
Died 1 May/March 1779[1]
Zand Palace, Shiraz
Burial Pars Museum, Shiraz
Şablon:Coord/display/inline, title
Religion Shia Islam[4]

Mıhemmed Kerim Xan Zend (Lurki : کأریم خان زأند, yew zi Latinizasyonê cı Mohammad Karīm Khān-e Zand zi şınasiyeno) oyo ke vıraştoğê Xanedanê Zendio, serranê 1751ıne u 1779ıne miyan de hukım kerdo. O teberê Xorasani de, pêro erdê İrani ser de hukım ramıto.

Keye u heyatê cı[bıvırne | çımey bıvırne]

Kerim Xan be eşira Zendi ra gıreydao, Zend oyo ke şarê Lek[5][6] yan zi Luri[7] rao. Kerim Xan serra 1779ıne de suka Şirazi de merdo.

Referansi[bıvırne | çımey bıvırne]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Yeroushalmi, David (2009). The Jews of Iran in the Nineteenth Century. Brill's Series in Jewish Studies. 40. The Netherlands: Brill. pp. xxxix. ISBN 90-04-15288-1. 
  2. From Encyclopedia Iranica's Zand dynasty Article: None of Karim Khan’s five successors formally adopted his title of ‘deputy’ (wakil), nor did they take that of ‘shah.’ The first three of them ruled nominally for one of Karim Khan’s sons, and the last two are referred to in Persian sources by a conventional imperial epithet or simply as ‘khan,’ but often as ‘the king’ by European observers
  3. Soon after Nāder’s assassination in 1160/1747, Karim Khan led his people home. In alliance with ʿAli-Mardān Khan Baḵtiāri, he captured Isfahan in 1163/1750 and installed a Safavid puppet ruler, Shah Esmāʿil III (r. 1750-65, d. 1773). The next year, Karim Khan defeated a bid by ʿAli-Mardān Khan for sole power, and adopted his rival’s title of wakil-al-dowla (‘deputy of the state,’ or regent). After defeating three other contestants for power, he pacified most of western and central Persia from the Caspian littoral and Azerbaijan to Kerman and Lār (Ḡaffāri, pp. 42-199), and ruled at Shiraz from 1179/1765 until his death in 1193/1779.
  4. Dabashi, Hamid (2011). Shi'ism: A Religion of Protest. Harvard University Press. pp. 164–165. ISBN 0-674-04945-4. 
  5. A fourth pretender was Karim Khan, son of Aymak of the Zand, a section of Lak tribe, Sir Percy Molesworth Sykes, A History of Persi, Macmillan and co., limited, 1930, p. 277.
  6. One of the contenders for power was Karim Khan Zand, a member of the Lak tribe near Shiraz, William Marsden, Stephen Album, Marsden's Numismata orientalia illustrata, Attic Books, 1977, ISBN 978-0-915018-16-1, p. 158.
  7. Muhammad Karim Khan, of the Zand clan of the Lur tribe, suc- ceeded in imposing his authority on parts of the defunct Safavid empire, David Yeroushalmi, The Jews of Iran in The Nineteenth Century: Aspects of History, Community, and Culture, BRILL, 2009, ISBN 978-90-04-15288-5, p. xxxix.

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