Tırk

Wikipediya ra ensiklopediya xosere
Jump to: şiyayış, Cı geyre
Tırki
Türkler
Sultan Alp Arslan.jpg
Nasreddin (17th-century miniature).jpg
Turkey-1683 (2215851579).jpg
Sultan Gazi ʻUthmān Han I - السُلطان الغازي عُثمان خان الأوَّل.png
YıldırımBayezit4.jpg
Gentile Bellini 003.jpg
Yavuz Selim.jpg
Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha.jpg
EmperorSuleiman.jpg
Sultan Abdülmecid - Google Art Project.jpg
Osman Hamdi Bey.jpg
Halide-edip-adivar-b3.jpg
Nazim Hikmet (cropped).jpg
MustafaKemalAtaturk.jpg
HulusiBehcet 20111218.jpg
Arif Mardin (cropped).jpg
Princess Fawzia bint Fuad of Egypt.jpg
Ahmet Ertegun (cropped).jpg
Muhtar Kent (cropped).jpg
Orhan Pamuk 2009 Shankbone.jpg
Mehmet Oz - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012.jpg
ElifShafak Ask EbruBilun Wiki.jpg
Nuribilgeceylan.jpg
Sertab Erener - Zenne - Cropped.jpg
Fatih Akin, Soul Kitchen im Filmcasino Wien.jpg
Tarkan (9).jpg
Arda Turan 2013 Real Madrid.jpg
Omer Asik.jpg
Mesut Özil (9881761465) Cropped.jpg
Nıfus pêro
70~83 million
Mıntıqanê binan de nıfus
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Turkey 55,500,000-60,500,000[1][2][3]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Northern Cyprus 300,000 d[›][4][5] minorities in the Balkans
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Bulgaria 588,000-800,000[6][7][8]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Republic of Macedonia 77,959[9][10][11]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Greece 150,000 g[›][12][13][14]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Bosnia 50,000[15][15]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Kosovo 40,000[15][16]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Romania 28,226-80,000[17][18][19] minorities in the Arab World
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Algeria 600,000-3,300,000[20][21][22]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Iraq 500,000-3,000,000[23][24][25]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Tunisia 500,000-2,400,000[26][27][28]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Syria 750,000-1,500,000[29][30][31]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Egypt 100,000-1,500,000[32][33]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Saudi Arabia 150,000-200,000[26][34]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Lebanon 50,000-80,000[35][36]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Jordan 60,000[26]
 Libya 50,000[26] diaspora in the Western Europe
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Germany 3,500,000-4,000,000[37][38][39]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta France 500,000-1,000,000[40][41]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta United Kingdom 500,000a[›][42][43][44]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Netherlands 400,000-500,000 c[›][45][46][47]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Austria 350,000-500,000[48][49][50]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Belgium 200,000[51][52]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Switzerland 120,000 e[›][53]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Sweden 100,000-150,000 i[›][54][55]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Denmark 70,000[56] diaspora in the former USSR
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Kazakhstan 150,000 h[›][57]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Russia 120,000-150,000[58]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Azerbaijan 110,000 h[›][57][59][60] diaspora in the rest of the world
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta United States 500,000 b[›][61][62][63]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Australia 300,000 f[›][64]
Şablon:Melumatê dewleta Canada 50,000-100,000[65][66][67]
Zıwani
Turki
Din
İslam[68][69][70][71]

(Sunni · Elewi · Twelver Shia · Caferiye)

Atheism[68][72]

Tırk (be Tırki: Türk) yew şaro ke qewmanê [[Turki]yan rao ke ezbeta Oğuzan raê. Gorey Hasan Celâl Güzel u Ataturki, menay kılımey Tırk Quwetın, Miğfer u Zafbiyayışo.[73][74] Zıwanê Tırkan Tırkiyo, dinê Tırkan zafêr İslamo Sunniyo, Elewiy ki estê. Tarixzanê Tirkan ra gore, Tırki tarixê do zaf dewleti vıraşto u dewletê inan xeylê zeman pay ra mendê. Ninan ra dewleta İmperatoriya Selçuqıcana Gırde u İmperatoriya Usmanıcana.

Referansi[bıvurne | çımey bıvurne]

  1. Milliyet. "55 milyon kişi 'etnik olarak' Türk". http://www.milliyet.com.tr/2007/03/22/guncel/agun.html. Retrieved 21 July 2011. 
  2. Library of Congress – Federal Research Division. "Country Profile: Turkey". Archived from the original on 26 February 2005. http://web.archive.org/web/20050226190632/http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/profiles/Turkey.pdf. Retrieved 6 February 2010. 
  3. CIA. "The World Factbook". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tu.html. Retrieved 27 July 2011. 
  4. International Crisis Group 2010, 2.
  5. Ilican 2011, 95.
  6. National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria (2011). "2011 Population Census in the Republic of Bulgaria (Final data)". National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria. http://www.nsi.bg/census2011/PDOCS2/Census2011final_en.pdf. 
  7. Sosyal 2011, 369.
  8. Bokova 2010, 170.
  9. Republic of Macedonia State Statistical Office 2005, 34.
  10. Knowlton 2005, 66.
  11. Abrahams 1996, 53.
  12. "Demographics of Greece". European Union National Languages. http://www.eurfedling.org/Greece.htm. Retrieved 19 December 2010. 
  13. Whitman 1990, i.
  14. Ergener & Ergener 2002, 106.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Sosyal 2011, 368.
  16. OSCE 2010, 3.
  17. National Institute of Statistics 2011, 10.
  18. Phinnemore 2006, 157.
  19. Constantin, Goschin & Dragusin 2008, 59.
  20. Turkish Embassy in Algeria 2008, 4.
  21. Oxford Business Group 2008, 10.
  22. Zaman. "Türk’ün Cezayir’deki lakabı: Hıyarunnas!". http://ro.zaman.com.tr/ro/newsDetail_getNewsById.action;jsessionid=E066C0BD415E76A7101FBA78B915F206.node1?sectionId=161&newsId=69. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  23. Park 2005, 37.
  24. Phillips 2006, 112.
  25. Taylor 2004, 28.
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 Akar 1993, 95.
  27. Zaman. "Türk işadamları Tunus’ta yatırım imkanı aradı". http://www.zaman.com.tr/bolge-haberleri_turk-isadamlari-tunusta-yatirim-imkani-aradi_2040605.html. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  28. Ertan, Fikret (1998), Tunus ve tarih, Zaman, http://arsiv.zaman.com.tr//1998/05/06/yazarlar/11.html .
  29. Özkaya 2007, 112.
  30. Internetional Strategic Research Organisation, An Aspect that Gets Overlooked: The Turks of Syria and Turkey, http://www.usak.org.tr/EN/myazdir.asp?id=2784, retrieved 2 February 2013 .
  31. "A unified Syria without Assad is what Turkmen are after", Today's Zaman, http://www.todayszaman.com/news-289267-a-unified-syria-without-assad-is-what-turkmen--are-after.html=, retrieved 2 February 2013 .
  32. Baedeker 2000, lviii.
  33. Akar 1993, 94.
  34. Karpat 2004, 12.
  35. Al-Akhbar. "Lebanese Turks Seek Political and Social Recognition". http://english.al-akhbar.com/content/lebanese-turks-seek-political-and-social-recognition. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  36. "Tension adds to existing wounds in Lebanon". Today's Zaman. http://www.todayszaman.com/newsDetail_getNewsById.action;jsessionid=9D641F96F47DDD54F28B8F8B07FFF815?newsId=233911. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  37. European Institute. "Merkel Stokes Immigration Debate in Germany". http://www.europeaninstitute.org/October-2010/merkel-stokes-immigration-debate-in-germany.html. Retrieved 15 November 2010. 
  38. Kötter et al. 2003, 55.
  39. Haviland et al. 2010, 675.
  40. Leveau & Hunter 2002, 6.
  41. Fransa Diyanet İşleri Türk İslam Birliği. "2011 YILI DİTİB KADIN KOLLARI GENEL TOPLANTISI PARİS DİTİB’DE YAPILDI". http://www.fransaditib.com/?Syf=18&Hbr=255110. Retrieved 15 February 2012. 
  42. Home Affairs Committee 2011, 38
  43. "UK immigration analysis needed on Turkish legal migration, say MPs". The Guardian. 1 August 2011. http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2011/aug/01/turkish-immigration-possibilities-assessed. Retrieved 1 August 2011. 
  44. Federation of Turkish Associations UK (19 June 2008). "Short history of the Federation of Turkish Associations in UK". Archived from the original on 13 April 2011. http://www.turkishfederationuk.org/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26&Itemid=31. Retrieved 13 April 2011. 
  45. Netherlands Info Services. "Dutch Queen Tells Turkey 'First Steps Taken' On EU Membership Road". http://www.nisnews.nl/public/010307_2.htm. Retrieved 16 December 2008. 
  46. Dutch News. "Dutch Turks swindled, AFM to investigate". http://www.dutchnews.nl/news/archives/2007/03/dutch_turks_swindled_afm_to_in.php. Retrieved 16 December 2008. 
  47. Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi 2008, 11.
  48. "Turkey's ambassador to Austria prompts immigration spat". BBC News. 10 November 2010. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-11725311. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  49. Andreas Mölzer. "In Österreich leben geschätzte 500.000 Türken, aber kaum mehr als 10–12.000 Slowenen". http://www.andreas-moelzer.at/index.php?id=24. Retrieved 16 October 2011. 
  50. CBN. "Turkey's Islamic Ambitions Grip Austria". http://www.cbn.com/cbnnews/world/2010/April/Turkeys-Mulism-Influence-in-Austria/. Retrieved 16 October 2011. 
  51. King Baudouin Foundation 2008, 5.
  52. De Morgen. "Koning Boudewijnstichting doorprikt clichés rond Belgische Turken". http://www.demorgen.be/dm/nl/989/Binnenland/article/detail/159126/2008/02/04/Koning-Boudewijnstichting-doorprikt-clich-s-rond-Belgische-Turken.dhtml. Retrieved 15 November 2010. 
  53. The Federal Authorities of the Swiss Confederation. "Diaspora und Migrantengemeinschaften aus der Türkei in der Schweiz". http://www.ejpd.admin.ch/content/dam/data/migration/publikationen/diasporastudie-tuerkei-d.pdf. Retrieved 16 December 2008. 
  54. Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency. "Turkiet är en viktig bro mellan Öst och Väst". http://www.sida.se/Svenska/Lander--regioner/Europa/Turkiet/Utvecklingen-i-Turkiet/. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  55. "Businessman invites Swedes for cheap labor, regional access". Hürriyet Daily News. http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/n.php?n=businessman-invites-swedish-for-cheap-labor-regional-access-2011-04-14. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  56. DR Online. "Tyrkisk afstand fra Islamisk Trossamfund". http://www.dr.dk/Nyheder/Indland/2008/02/21/071316.htm. Retrieved 8 February 2009. 
  57. 57.0 57.1 Aydıngün et al. 2006, 13.
  58. Ryazantsev 2009, 172.
  59. UNHCR 1999, 14.
  60. NATO Parliamentary Assembly. "Minorities in the South Caucasus: Factor of Instability?". http://www.nato-pa.int/default.asp?SHORTCUT=683. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  61. Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. "Immigration and Ethnicity: Turks". http://ech.case.edu/ech-cgi/article.pl?id=TIC. Retrieved 7 February 2010. 
  62. The Washington Diplomat. "Census Takes Aim to Tally'Hard to Count' Populations". http://www.washdiplomat.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6036:census-takes-aim-to-tallyhard-to-count-populations-&catid=205:april-2010&Itemid=239. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  63. Farkas 2003, 40.
  64. "Avustralya’dan THY’ye çağrı var". Milliyet. 12 March 2013. http://ekonomi.milliyet.com.tr/avustralya-dan-thy-ye-cagri-var/ekonomi/ekonomidetay/12.03.2013/1679144/default.htm. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  65. Canada's National Statistical Agency. "Statistics Canada". http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/topics/RetrieveProductTable.cfm?ALEVEL=3&APATH=3&CATNO=&DETAIL=0&DIM=&DS=99&FL=0&FREE=0&GAL=0&GC=99&GK=NA&GRP=1&IPS=&METH=0&ORDER=1&PID=92333&PTYPE=88971&RL=0&S=1&ShowAll=No&StartRow=1&SUB=801&Temporal=2006&Theme=80&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=. Retrieved 9 July 2008. 
  66. Turkish Embassy (Ottawa Canada). "Turkish-Canadian Relations". http://www.turkishembassy.com/II/O/Turkish_Canadian_relations.htm. Retrieved 19 March 2010. 
  67. Zaman. "Buyurun Kanada'ya uçalım". http://www.zaman.com.tr/yazar.do?yazino=657236. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 
  68. 68.0 68.1 "Religion, Secularism and the Veil in Daily Life Survey". Konda Arastirma. September 2007. Archived from the original on 25 March 2009. http://web.archive.org/web/20090325005232/http://www.konda.com.tr/html/dosyalar/ghdl&t_en.pdf. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  69. http://sorular.rightsagenda.org/soru-cevap/?g=9
  70. http://www.angelfire.com/az/rescon/ALEVI.html
  71. http://www.philtar.ac.uk/encyclopedia/islam/shia/shia.html
  72. http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_225_report_en.pdf
  73. Genel Türk Tarihi, 1 Cilt, (Hasan Celâl Güzel, Ali Birinci), Yeni Türkiye Yayınları, 2002
  74. S. Frederick Starr, Xinjiang: China's Muslim Borderland, M.E. Sharpe, 2004